單峰駱駝分布於北非洲和西亞洲、印度等熱帶地區，又稱阿拉伯駱駝，是大型偶蹄動物。胃內有很多儲水囊，一次可喝100公升的水，所以被稱為沙漠之舟，駝峰用來儲存脂肪，靠水跟脂肪能耐饑渴。 毛短，比雙峰駱駝高，睫毛很長、雙層眼瞼、鼻孔可關閉、耳朵裡的細毛都可防風沙。負重可達180公斤，目前的單峰駱駝都是家畜。 The one-humped camel is also called the Arabian camel. It has many water-storing sacs in its stomach and can drink 100 liters of water at a time. The humps are actually reservoirs of fatty tissue to prevent hunger and thirst. The one-humped camel has short fur and is taller than the two-humped camel. It has long eyelashes, two layers of eyelids, and can close their nostrils. They also have hair in their ears that prevent sand from entering.